• Clinical Assistant Professor, Global Health
  • Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration

Seattle, WA
United States

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Salem has extensive experience working in the United States, Ethiopia, and Malawi. Her work focuses on program evaluation of TB and HIV programs in resource limited settings, piloting of model interventions, scaling up of model programs, and establishing surveillance systems that monitor health outcomes. Salem has contributed to technical working group discussions in Ethiopia and Malawi that have shaped national policies in management of HIV and provision of integrated services for people living with HIV.

Salem speaks fluent Amharic and uses mixed methods analysis to support infectious disease programs that aim to improve treatment outcomes. She plans to continue providing ongoing, medium to long term technical assistance in sub-Saharan countries.

  • MPH (University of Washington)
  • PhD (University of Washington)
Country Affiliations 
  • Amharic
Health Topics 
  • Burden of Disease
  • Child and Adolescent Health (incl. Pediatrics)
  • Health Information Systems
  • Health Outcomes
  • Implementation Science
  • Infectious Diseases (other than STDs)
  • Qualitative Research and Methods
  • Quality Improvement
  • Social Determinants of Health

Sande, O., Burtscher, D., Kathumba, D. Tweya, H., Phiri, S., Gugsa, S. Patient and nurse perspectives of a nurse-led community-based model of HIV care delivery in Malawi: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health 20, 685 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08721-6

Gugsa S, Potter K, Tweya H, Phiri S, Sande O, Sikwese P, Chikonda J, O'Malley G. Exploring factors associated with ART adherence and retention in care under Option B+ strategy in Malawi: A qualitative study. PLoS One. 2017 Jun 21;12(6):e0179838. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179838. eCollection 2017.

Tweya, H., Gugsa, S., Hosseinipour, M., Speight, C., Ng'ambi, W., Bokosi, M., Chikonda, J., Chauma, A., Khomani, P., Phoso, M., Mtande, T. and Phiri, S. (2014), Understanding factors, outcomes and reasons for loss to follow-up among women in Option B+ PMTCT programme in Lilongwe, Malawi. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 19: 1360–1366. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12369