• Clinical Assistant Professor, Global Health

Seattle, WA
United States

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Salem has extensive experience working in the United States, Ethiopia, and Malawi. Her work focuses on program evaluation of global health programs in resource-limited settings, piloting of model interventions, scaling up of modeled innovations, and establishing surveillance systems that monitor health outcomes. Salem has contributed to technical working group discussions in multiple Sub-Saharan African Countries, Caribbean Region, Eastern Europe, and Asia. Her contributions have shaped national policies in the management of HIV and the provision of integrated services for people living with HIV.

Salem speaks fluent Amharic and uses mixed methods analysis to support infectious disease programs that aim to improve treatment outcomes. She plans to continue providing ongoing, medium to long-term technical assistance in resource-constrained settings.

  • MPH (University of Washington)
Country Affiliations 
  • Amharic
Health Topics 
  • Disease Surveillance
  • Epidemiology
  • Global Health Governance
  • Health Outcomes
  • Health Systems Strengthening and Human Resources Development
  • Implementation Science
  • Infectious Diseases (other than STDs)
  • Informatics
  • Medical Anthropology
  • Operations Research
  • Qualitative Research and Methods
  • Quality Improvement
  • Sociobehavioral

 Ahmed I, Demissie M, Worku A, Gugsa S, Berhane Y. Effectiveness of same-day antiretroviral therapy initiation in retention outcomes among people living with human immunodeficiency virus in Ethiopia: empirical evidence. BMC Public Health. 2020 Nov 26;20(1):1802. doi: 10.1186/s12889-020-09887-9. PMID: 33243185; PMCID: PMC7690160.

Msukwa M, Gugsa S, Theu J, et al. Characterizing recent infections among persons with new HIV-1 diagnoses in Malawi. 23rd International AIDS Conference. Virtual. (2020) Late breaker abstract #LBPEC21

Sande O, Burtscher D, Kathumba D, Tweya H, Phiri S, Gugsa S. Patient and nurse perspectives of a nurse-led community-based model of HIV care delivery in Malawi: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health. 2020 May 14;20(1):685. doi: 10.1186/s12889-020-08721-6. PMID: 32410597; PMCID: PMC7227037.

Gugsa S, Potter K, Tweya H, Phiri S, Sande O, Sikwese P, Chikonda J, and O'Malley G. Exploring factors associated with ART adherence and retention in care under Option B+ strategy in Malawi: A qualitative study. PLoS One 2017; 12(6):e0179838.

Tweya, H., Gugsa, S., Hosseinipour, M., Speight, C., Ng'ambi, W., Bokosi, M., Chikonda, J., Chauma, A., Khomani, P., Phoso, M., Mtande, T. and Phiri, S. (2014), Understanding factors, outcomes and reasons for loss to follow-up among women in Option B+ PMTCT programme in Lilongwe, Malawi. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 19: 1360–1366. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12369